Tuesday, October 15, 2013

Learning strategies

What is learning?
“Learning is change in behavioral process” – Psychology

“Learning is acquisition of knowledge or skills through experience, practice, or study, or by being taught” – Wikipedia dictionary

Everyone processes and learns new information in different ways. There are three main cognitive learning styles: visual, auditory and kinesthetic. The common characteristic of each learning style is listed below –

Visual:


  • Uses visual objects such as graphs, charts, pictures and seeing information
  • Can read body language well and has  a good perception of aesthetics
  • Able to memorize and recall various information
  • Tends to remember things that are written down
  • Learns better in lecture by watching them

Auditory:


  • Retains information through hearing and speaking
  • Often prefers to be told how  to do things and then summarizes the main points out loud to help with memorization
  • Notices different aspects of speaking
  • Often has talents in music and may concentrate better with soft music playing in the background

Kinesthetic:


  • Likes to use  the hands-on use in learning new material
  • Is generally good in math and science
  • Would rather demonstrate how to do something rather than verbally explain it
  • Usually prefers group work more than others

General Learning strategies menu:

Task based strategies: USE WHAT YOU KNOW
Strategy
Description
Use background knowledge
I know


àthink about and use what you already know to help you do the task

àmake associations
Make inferences
Use clues
àUse context and what you know to figure out meaning.

àRead and listen between the lines

Make predictions
Crystal ball

àAnticipate information to come

àMake logical guesses about what will happen
Personalize
Me

àRelate new concepts to your own life, that is, to your experiences, knowledge, beliefs and feelings
Transfer / use cognates
Telephone/

Telepfono/
Telefon
Telefon

àapply your linguistic knowledge of other languages (including your native language) to the target knowledge

àRecognize cognates
Substitute paraphrase
Spare tire

àThink of a similar word or descriptive phrase of words you do not know in the target language

2 comments:

Nirupama said...

That was very useful and interesting information.
BUS 375 Individual Assignment

Ambica Ayla said...

Thank you Nirupama